When installing the rmagick gem under OS X 10.8.1 (Mountain Lion) I got the following error on a system using RVM, Ruby 1.9.2 with ImageMagick installed through Brew.
Gem::Installer::ExtensionBuildError: ERROR: Failed to build gem native extension. ... checking for stdint.h... *** extconf.rb failed *** ...
The error appears to be due to some issues with the OpenMP implementation in OSX. The solution that worked was to uninstall ImageMagick, then reinstall it without OpenMP support:
brew uninstall imagemagick brew install imagemagick --disable-openmp
Since I didn’t have X11 on this computer I got warnings about missing X11 and had to dismiss a number of dialogs during compilation. But it went through and seems to be working. At least I could then do a bundle install on my Rails application.